On the Research Paradigm of Underwater Networks: Issues and Solutions
Speaker: Won-Yong Shin
Abstract: Compared with our human being’s familiarity with land, there are still many un-explored areas with underwater research. Along with a variety of studies in terrestrial radio networks, the interest in study of underwater networks has been growing with recent advances in acoustic communication technology. Note that the research of underwater networks is attracting for military and commercial purposes. In this talk, we first introduce the concept of underwater networks, and then review some recent developments with their broad applications. We also address a main feature that distinguishes underwater systems from wireless radio links. We now would like to inquire what are the fundamental capabilities of future underwater networks in supporting a multiplicity of autonomous nodes that wish to communicate with each other over an acoustic channel. To answer this question, asymptotic capacity scaling laws are analyzed as the number of nodes tends to infinity. More specifically, we characterize an attenuation parameter that depends on the transmission distance and also on the carrier frequency, and then identify fundamental path-loss attenuation regimes according to the parameter. Provided that the frequency scales relative to the number of nodes, information-theoretic upper bounds and achievable throughputs are obtained as functions of the attenuation parameter in a variety of underwater network scenarios. As a result, vital information for fundamental limits of multi-user underwater networks is provided.